What Is Responsibility Accounting


The twin objectives of management are delegating responsibility while retaining control are achieved by adoption of responsibility accounting system. It is difficult to establish a sound organisation structure with clearly defined authority and responsibility. This is so owing to the interdependent nature of many departments. Further, once the performance reports are prepared, management need only consider the significant variances from the budget. In the third step of responsibility accounting the goals for all the departments are determined. In the second step of responsibility accounting a system of accounting is prepared under which the accounts of every responsibility centre can be prepared separately.


  • Responsibility accounting involves gathering and reporting revenues and costs by responsibility centers.
  • Role of the manager – i.e. what he is required to look after which will be determined by the type of responsibility center in which he is working and he will be held responsible just for that.
  • Budgets, along with responsibility accounting provide systematic help to the managers if they interpret the feedback carefully.
  • This is the practice in large undertakings where each divisional manager is given a profit objective and his performance is measured accordingly.
  • It encourages budgeting for comparison of actual achievements with the budgeted figures.

Accounting plays a relatively unimportant role in the budgeting process. It should also be designed to work with the business’s organizational structure. Inputs typically refer to the business’s costs and utilization of resources, while outputs typically refer to the business’s revenue. An investment center is also responsible for the expenses that relate to investments. But of course, a business should assign responsibility to just anyone. It should be assigned based on the individual’s knowledge and skills.

https://coinbreakingnews.info/ report are prepaid to provide information to those who will use them. • Controllable and noncontrollable activities at various levels of responsibility are specified. Investment center where managers are responsible for making decisions regarding investments.

For example, if Mr Z, the unit manager, prepares the budget for his department. He tries to keep the budget minimal and opt for all the required information about the department costs. If the expenditure incurred is superior to the provided budget, Mr Z will take necessary reduction measures.

E-Commerce | Definition, Types, Features, Advantages & Disadvantages

In contrast, they have outperformed in the microwave and mobile divisions. However, their refrigerator and air conditioner division has not achieved the targeted revenue. Moreover, their electronic division target falls short by $2,000, for which the manager of their revenue center will be responsible, and he has to explain the underperformance of these two divisions. Cost ControlCost control is a tool used by an organization in regulating and controlling the functioning of a manufacturing concern by limiting the costs within a planned level.


The tool can only be useful if an excellent 3 ways to short sell bitcoin in 2020 system exists. The coverage implementation system can stumble upon reactions from the targeted individual, which might also subsequently generate passive resistance. Policy costs and various other allocations are not included in the cost allocation. There can be several reasons, increased cost of raw materials, increased per unit of electricity cost or any new government policy leading to an increase in the cost.

Related Questions For Accounting Clerk

For example, the accounting departments do provide services to the firm but its effect on the revenues and profits is virtually impossible to be measured. Effective employees and managers are worth several times more than their salaries and benefits. As you might expect, the ability to have some sort of accounting system to track these performers is, therefore, not only useful from a financial perspective but also to aid in managing talent.


But, the profit objectives were nevertheless exceeded because the product mix of fries and drinks produced offsetting higher margins. Earlier chapters focused on techniques used for costing products and services, understanding cost behavior, budgeting, and so forth. These basic tools and techniques are essential to a well-managed organization. But, one must also be mindful that managers must be held accountable for the results of their decisions and related execution.

The tendency to consider only the margin and ignoring the turn­over should be checked. Responsibility managers should try to achieve the targets for their area of responsibility only. Explain what does the monetary unit assumption of accounting means. Explain the conservative concept of accounting and its relevance and limitations.

Type 4: Investment center

Also, responsibility accounting makes it more difficult to divide up responsibilities that are shared between departments. It’s easy to assign a sales team to a given manager, but who is responsible for the work of the retention group of customer relations? This group has to work to maintain customer relationships and act like a sales group, but they’re definitely in customer service. Finally, responsibility accounting provides a level of timely accountability to the company. These show how efficiently the manager handled their section of the company, and they’re then aggregated up to the highest levels of management.

management by objectives

Examine the accounting principles definition, and identify who sets fundamental accounting principles. The information featured in this article is based on our best estimates of pricing, package details, contract stipulations, and service available at the time of writing. Pricing will vary based on various factors, including, but not limited to, the customer’s location, package chosen, added features and equipment, the purchaser’s credit score, etc. For the most accurate information, please ask your customer service representative.

Our Services

The followings are advantages of performing accounting of responsibility to the firms. When it comes to company budgeting and accounting, responsibility accounting is something that should not be missed. The identification system usually involves gathering and reporting of revenues and expenditures by certain areas of responsibility.

Chapter 9: Responsibility Accounting for Cost, Profit and Investment Centers

To do this, the executives usually print outresponsibility accounting performance reportsfrom the system to help analyze the overall performance of the individual departments. If the numbers and stats look good and meet the company objectives, the top-level management usually approves theresponsibility accounting budgetsfor the departments. Otherwise, the budgets are tweaked until they meet the company objectives. The controllability criterion is crucial to the content of performance reports for each manager.

In the above example, , the manager is able to reduce operating expenses from Rs 1,80,000 to Rs 1,75,000 and thereby increasing income from Rs 20,000 to Rs 25,000. For obvious reasons, every manager is inclined to show better and better performances. In case his performance is being measured by ROR, he can attempt for better performance by concentrating on one or more vari­ables of the ROR formula.

It begins with preparing a budget, evaluating the actual performance, and implementing the necessary actions required to rectify any discrepancies. In social responsibility accounting, the organisational structure becomes clumsy and confusing. That ultimately affects the overall performance of the workforce.

The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice. All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly. There may be times when an individual’s interest and an organization’s interest are at odds. Such strife is likely to wreak havoc on policy implementation. Amgen, a well-known pharmaceutical company, plans to make Polio vaccines in batches of 100,000 in three phases. The business anticipated that all three phases would cost $25 million and take six months to complete.

The store manager is responsible for the store’s revenues and expenses. A store with more revenue would generate more food costs; an assessment of food cost alone would be foolhardy without giving consideration to the store’s revenues. For profit centers, the flexible budgets discussed in this chapter are useful evaluative tools. Other techniques include a unit-by-unit profitability analysis using traditional financial statement ratios. It involves in defining and grouping of responsibilities within an organization structure, determination and assignment of cost to appropriate levels of activities and strong emphasis and controllability.

Responsibility accounting was first established in the 1920s with the goal of handling all levels of power in any organization’s administration. The economic activities of firms were greatly diversified during the 1950s and 1960s, raising the requirement for accountability accounting and decentralisation. During the 1950s and 1960s, the economic activities of the companies were significantly diversified significantly increasing the demand of responsibility accounting and decentralization. For effective implementation of responsibility accounting, the following must be met.

Leave a Comment

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني. الحقول الإلزامية مشار إليها بـ *